a50期货配资

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衣带渐宽的达摩铜像有多美

2020-6-17 编辑:采编部 来源:互联网 阅读次数:
  导读:   原标题:鉴赏|衣带渐宽的达摩铜像有多美?读贵博小品文物   李琬祎   贵州省博物馆一尊明菩提达摩佛铜造像,淋漓尽致地表现出了“衣带渐宽终不悔”的苦行修炼意志。像这样精巧的小品类文物在贵博还...

  YUANBIAOTI:JIANSHANG|YIDAIJIANKUANDEDAMOTONGXIANGYOUDUOMEI?DUGUIBOXIAOPINWENWU

  LIWANYI

  GUIZHOUSHENGBOWUGUANYIZUNMINGPUTIDAMOFOTONGZAOXIANG,LINLIJINZHIDIBIAOXIANCHULE“YIDAIJIANKUANZHONGBUHUI”DEKUXINGXIULIANYIZHI。XIANGZHEIYANGJINGQIAODEXIAOPINLEIWENWUZAIGUIBOHAIYOUXUDUO,RUXIHANDEQIQI、MINGDAIDEXUANDELU、QIANLONGSHIQIDEBIYANHUDENGDENG。

a50期货配资  JINNIANSHIGUIZHOUSHENGBOWUGUANJIANGUAN62ZHOUNIAN。BUJIUQIAN,YUNNIANGYIJIUDE《ZHENGTU——GUIZHOUSHENGBOWUGUANJIANCHENGLIUSHIZHOUNIANJINIANZHUANJI》ZHENGSHICHUBAN。“PENGPAI期货配资 ·GUDAIYISHU”JINGSHOUQUANKANFASHUZHONG《GUANZANGZAXIANGWENWU》ZHANGJIEDE“BIYANHU”“QIQI”“DIAOKEZAOXIANG”“XUANDELU”DENGBUFEN。

  鼻烟壶

a50期货配资  BIYANHUSHIZHUANMENYONGLAISHENGFANGBIYANDERONGQI。YINQIZAOXINGXIAOQIAOLINGLONG,ZHIZUOJINGMEI,CAIZHIFENGFU,XINGZHIFANDUO,BINGYIQIDUTEDEYISHUMEILI,YIZHISHENSHOURENMENDEXIAIHEZHUIPENG。BIYANHUSHIYUMINGDAI,MUQIANWOMENCHANGJIANDEBIYANHU,DUOSHIQINGKANGXIYIHOUDEZHIPIN。ZHUANJIAMENRENWEI,QINGDAIBIYANHUSHINONGSUOLEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGJIYIDEXIUZHENYISHU。JIHUIHUA、SHUFA、DIAOKE、XIANGQIANDENGYISHUYUYISHEN,LIYONGYUSHI、CIQI、LIAOQI、PAOQI、FALANG、JINSHUDENGZAITISHENGDONGTIXIANZHONGGUOYISHUDEBODAJINGSHEN。JUYOUHENGAOYANJIUHESHOUZANGJIANSHANGJIAZHI。

  QINGDAIYONGYUZHIZUOBIYANHUDECAIZHIHENFENGFU,YOUJINYIN、YUSHI、FEICUI、MANAO、HUPO、BOLI、FALANG、XIANGYA、TAOCI、GUOHE、XIJIAODENG;BIYANHUZAIZHUANGSHIYISHUFANGMIANYEYUNYONGLEGEZHONGYISHUSHOUFA,RUHUIHUA、SHUFA、SHAOCI、NIANYU、KEYA、DIAOZHU、TIQI、TAOLIAO、FANPAO、XIANGJINYIN、QIANLUODIANDENG,KEWEIJIDUOZHONGYISHUZHIDACHENG;BIYANHUDEZAOXINGYOUGESHIGEYANG,LINLANGMANMU,YOUBIANPINGXING、TUOYUANXING、SHILIUXING、TAOXING、HULUXING、DENGLONGXING、GUAXING、YINGXING、XIANGXING、YUXING、GUIXING、YULANHUAXINGDENGDENGGEZHONGFANGHUAGUOZHIWUXING、FANGRENWUDONGWUXINGYIJIYINCAIERYIDESUIXINGYINGYOUJINYOU,WEIMIAOWEIXIAO。

  GUANZANGQINGQIANLONGJIANGDOUHONGBIYANHU(TUERSHI),BIYANHUCIZHI,TONGTIJIANGDOUHONG,GUANGSU。YOUSEBUJUN,JINGJIANBUDANBO,XIANBAISEBANDIAN,YOUSHANGZHIXIAYANSEJIANSHEN。BIANPINGXING,LIANGCETUOYUANXING。BIANQUANZU,XIAOKOUDUANJING,BANYUANXINGBAIHUIYUGAILIANGUSHAO。CIYANHUZAOXINGGUIJU,SECAICHUNZHENG,ZUOGONGJINGXI,JUYOUQINGZAOQIBIYANHUDEMINGXIANTEZHENG。

  QINGQIANLONGJIANGDOUHONGBIYANHU

  GUANZANGQINGTOUDIAOGUAXINGYUBIYANHU(TUERSHIYI),BAIYUDIAOZHUOCHENGTUOYUANBIANTIGUAXING。HUSHENWENSHIFENWEISHANGXIALIANGCENG:SHANGMIANYICENGWEIZHUTIWEN,TOUDIAOGUAJING,FUDIAOGUAYE、GUATENGWEN,ZHIYEMAOSHENG;DICENGYONGXIXIANTIAODIAOKEGUIBEIWANZIWEN。KOUBUSHANGPEIYOUCUIYUDOULIXINGGAI,GAISHANGCUIYUTOUDIAOZHIYEWENNIU。HUNEIPEIZHIXIANGYASHAO。CIYANHUYUZHIWENRUN,GUANGJIEJINGYING,ZHIZUOJINGMEI。BUJINSHISHIYONGQI,YESHIYIJIANHENJINGMEI、JINXIANMINGGUIDEGONGYIPIN。

a50期货配资  QINGTOUDIAOGUAXINGYUBIYANHU

  GUANZANGQINGQUENAOPUSHOUBIYANHU(TUERSHIER),BIYANHUSHIZHI,HUTIWEISHANGGUANGXIAXIABIANHUXING,BIAOMIANGUANGJIE,TONGSHENYOUXIONGHUANG、ZHESE、XUANSEBANGOUCHENGBUGUIZEWENLI。SHUANGJIANDIAOSHISHOUTOUPUSHOUER。HUDINGWEICUILVYUANXINGYUGAI,XIALIANZHUCHI。CIBIYANHUGUANGZEROUMEI,TITAIDUANZHUANG。(BANTOUMINGSHENHONGHUPO,YOUBUTOUMINGXIONGHUANGSE、ZHESE,XUANSEBANCHENG“QUENAO”ZHE)。PUSHOUERDEZHUANGSHISHIBIYANHUHUTIDEYIXIANGZHONGYAOZHUANGSHI。SHOUSHOUXIANHUANDETUANDANYUQINGTONGWENHUA,QINGQIANLONG、JIAQINGSHIQISHIFENLIUXING。QIANQIXIANHUANJIAOYUAN,HOUQIXIANQUANLAZHANG。

  QINGQUENAOPUSHOUBIYANHU

a50期货配资  GUANZANGQINGCHAJINGKEHUADAIGAIBIYANHU(TUERSHISAN),BIYANHUCHAJINGZHI,DAIPU。HUNYUANGUFU,XINGRUGUPAO。YINDUJINXIANGSHANHUGAI。HUSHENYIMIANKESHUJI、FUCHEN。LINGYIMIANKEYIXIAOMAOQUANWOYUSHUZHIMUDANZHIXIA,DIAOGONGXINI,HUAMIANXINGXIANGSHENGDONG。

a50期货配资  QINGCHAJINGKEHUADAIGAIBIYANHU

  GUANZANGQINGJINGLIAONEIHUASHANSHUIRENWUBIYANHU(TUERSHISI),BIYANHUBOLIZHI。HUTIBIANPING,HUDINGWEISHENLVSEYUGAILIANGUSHAO。YIMIANHUISHINVFUQINYUZHULINHUPANG,MEIMUQINGXI,BIAOQINGWENROU,SHENHOULIYIBINV。YIQINGNIANCESHENTANTOUZAIHUSHIHOUQIETING。HUAMIANBUJUFENGMAN,RENWUSHENTAISHENGDONGCHUANSHEN,SECAIDIANYA。LINGYIMIANHUIYILAOWENGSHENPISUOYI,TOUDAIDOULI,FANZHOUJIANGSHANG,DUZICHUIDIAODEQINGJING,ANPANGSONGBOMAOMICONGYU,DANYAJINGMI,RUTONGSHIWAITAOYUANYIBAN。

a50期货配资  QINGJINGLIAONEIHUASHANSHUIRENWUBIYANHU

  漆器

  ZAICHUANTONGGONGYIPINZHONG,QIQISHENGYUGEDAI,LISHIYOUJIU,YUANTOUZHISUZHISHIQISHIDAI,LIDAIJIEYOUKECHENGDAODEZHENPIN,ERGUIZHOUGUDAIDEZHEIZHONGGONGYIPIN,CONGZHIJINDEFAXIANLAIKAN,JINJIANHANDAIQIQI,QIESHULIANGSHAO,BAOCUNXIALAIDELIANGJIANQIQI,MINGWENZHIDUO,JISHIZHIWANBEI,ZESHUHANDAIQIQIZHIQIAOCHU,YICHANGDEZHENGUI,ZHEIXIEWENZIJIANGLIANGJIANQIWUZHIZUODENIANDAI、DIDIANJISUOXUGONGXU、GUANLIRENYUANZHUYIJIESHAOLE,BA“YIBEIJUANYONGBAIRENZHILI,YIPINGFENGJIUWANRENZHIGONG”(《YANTIELUN·SANBUZU》)QINGZHONGRENZHILI,FANGKEWANCHENGDEQIQIZHIZUOGENGJUTIDEXUSHULE。

  GUANZANGXIHANZHUHUIKUIWENHAICHAOWENQIPAN(TUERSHIWU),1959NIANCHUTUYUQINGZHENXINQIAOHANMUZHONG。MATAI,HEIDI,ZHUHUIJIANYOULIUJINDESECAIDAPEI,XINGRUMANYUE,CHANGKOUZHECHUN,SHANGDAXIAXIAO,QIANPINGDI,CHUNBIANTONGKOULIUJIN。PANSHENNEIBIHUIKUIWENTUAN,WAIBIHUIHAICHAOWENTUAN。PINGDIZHONGYANGXIANMIAOFENGNIAOWENYANG。ZHECHUNBEIMIANZHENKELISHUMINGWENGONG61ZI:“YUANSHISINIAN,GUANGHANJUNGONGGUANZAOCHENGYUXIUYUHUAZHUHUANGKOUFANPAN,RONGYISHENG。XIUGONGZE、SHANGGONGLIANG,TONGKOUHUANGTUGONGWEI、HUAGONGYI、YUGONGPING、QINGGONGLANGZAO。HUGONGZUSHIYUN、ZHANGQIN、CHENGFENG、YUANZHONG、SHOULINGSHIWANZHU。”

a50期货配资  XIHANZHUHUIKUIWENHAICHAOWENQIPAN

  GUANZANGXIHANHEIQIDIZHUQIHUIDUINIAOWENERBEI(TUERSHILIU),1958NIANCHUTUYUQINGZHENYALONGBAHANMU,MATAI,HEIDI、ZHUHUI,CHENGTUOYUANXING,BEIBIWEIHUXING,DIXINWEIAO,XIUYIHEIQI。NEIBIWEIZHUQI。KOUYANYIZHOUHUILEIFENGWEN。LIANGERTONGKOULIUJIN,CHENGXINYUEXING,ZHENGMIANHUILEIWEN,BEIMIANHUIJUANCAOJIHEWEN。ZHEIJIANQIQIWAIBIYOU70ZIZHENKELITIMINGWEN:“YUANSHISANNIAN,GUANGHANJUNGONGGUANZAOCHENGYUXIUYUHUAMUHUANGERPOU。RONGYISHENGSHILIUYUE。SUGONGCHANG、XIUGONGLI、SHANGGONGJIE、TONGERHUANGTUGONGCHANG、HUAGONGFANG、YUGONGPING、QINGGONGKUANG、ZAOGONGZHONGZAO。HUGONGZUSHIYUN、SHOUZHANGYIN、CHENGFENG、YUANLIN、SHOULINGSHITANZHU。”JUYOURUCIWANBEIJISHIMINGWENDEQIQI,ZAIGUONEICHUTUHANDAITONGLEIQIQIZHONGSHISHUHANJIAN。

  XIHANHEIQIDIZHUQIHUIDUINIAOWENERBEI(FUZHIPIN)

  雕刻造像

  DIAOKEZAOXIANGZIGUYOUZHI,CHANGJIANDEYOUMUDIAO、YUDIAO、TONGDIAO、SHIDIAO、YADIAODENG,ZAOXIANGDUOWEIBAOYOUJIATINGPINGAN、XINGWANG、JUCAIDENGERZHI,BINGDAIYOUYIDINGDEZONGJIAOXINYANGSECAI,CONGDADELEIBIESHANGLAIFEN,ZHUYAOYOUFO、DAOLIANGLEI,QIZHONGYOUYIHOUZHEJUDUO。ZHANGJIUYILAI,DIAOKEZAOXIANGDOUBEIMINZHONGFUYUFENGFUDEWENHUAHANYI,QIEDUOYOUQIQIUPINGANJIXIANGZHIYUYI。

  ZAIFOJIAODANSHENGYUESANSIBAINIANHOU,ZHONGHUAZUXIANJINGXIYUJIANGFOYINJINZHONGTU,ZHIJINYIJINLIANGQIANZAI。ZHONGGUODEFOJIAOWENHUA,JINGGUOYUZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUAXIANGRONGHE,YIJINGSHENSHENRONGRUZHONGGUORENDESIXIANGYISHI、ZONGJIAOXINYANG、SHENGHUOXIGUAN、RICHANGYANYUZHIZHONG。GUANZANGMINGPUTIDAMOFOTONGZAOXIANG(TUERSHIQI),FOXIANGTOULUGUANGTUPINGHUA,LUHOUXIABUYIYIGEGEXIAOQUZHUANGFAJUANHUANRAO。MIANXIANGQIANWEITAI,ZHANGZUILUCHI,CHENGMU,MEIYUJINZHOU,LIANGERXIACHUI,GAOBILIANG,MIANRONGQINGSHOU。SHANGSHENCHILUO,JIANJIAAOWA,GUGETUXIAN,FUBUAORU,ZUOYOULEIGULILIKESHU,HOUBEIXIANLUCHUBEIJIAYUJIEJIEJIZHUI,XIANSHICHUKUXINGSENGDEZHENSHIXINGXIANG。KUANSONGDESENGKUWANZHIXIJIAN,ZHEJIANDIEDIE,LINLIJINZHIDIBIAOXIANCHULE“YIDAIJIANKUANZHONGBUHUI”DEKUXINGXIULIANYIZHI。DAMOYIZUSHANGDUN,SHUANGSHOUBAOXI,YUXIAHEXIANGCHENG,YIZUXIACHUI,ZUOJIZUOZHUANG。YIFUCHAORANWUWAI、SHANDINGJINGMUZHITAI。TONGXIANGBIAOMIANGUANGHUARUNZE,ZONGSEFAHEI,GENGXIANLAOSENGSHENCHENYANJIN。

  MINGPUTIDAMOFOTONGZAOXIANG

  GUANZANGQINGYUANDIAOBAIYUTAIBAIXIANG(TUERSHIBA),YUZHICHUNJINGYINGRUN、YANSEQINGBAIZIRAN。QUZHENGKUAIYULIAOWEICAI,GENJUYUSHIDEZIRANXINGTAIJINXINGGOUSIHESHEJI,YIYUANDIAOJIFA,SUIXINGFUYI,SHIYIDIAOLOU,SHENGDONGDISUZAOCHUTANGDAIDASHIRENLIBAIZUIYISHUHAN,CHIBEIWANGYUE,RUOYOUHAOSHIPANXUANXIONGZHONG,SUISHIPENBOERCHUZHIQINGZHUANG。YUANDIAOYUXIANGSHUCHANGJIANLANG、ZHUANCHENGQIHE,JUANKEJIQIAOJIJINGZHAN,YINGWEIQINGDAIYUDIAOGAOSHOUSUOZUO。CHONGFENLIYONGYUANYUSHIDEQIMEICAIZHI,YIQIADAOHAOCHUDEDIAOZHUO,SHIDIAOXIANGZAIZIRANMEIYURENGONGMEIDEJIEHESHANGXIANGDEYIZHANG,DADAOLEHENGAODESHUIPING。

  QINGYUANDIAOBAIYUTAIBAIXIANG

a50期货配资  GUANZANGQINGYUDIAOZHONGLIXIANG(TUERSHIJIU),YOUYUDIAOZHONGLIXIANGHEYUDIAOKAOBEIZUOZIZUCHENG。XIANGWEIQINGBAIYU,ZUOZIWEISHENLVSEYU。ZHONGLIJINGZUO,GUAZILIAN,DAER,LIUZHANGXU。TOUDAIMAO,LIANGGENMAODAINAOHOUXIHUAJIE,PIAOCHUIDAZAILIANGJIANSHANG。TANXIONGLUYOUBEI,BEIHOUXIANYAODAI,YOUJIAOPANYUZUOXI,YOUJIASHAGAIZHU,ZHIJIANRUYIWENXIEJIAN。YOUSHOUFANGYOUXISHANG,ZUOSHOUZHIBAJIAOSHAN,ZUOJIAOTAYUDIZUO,YUAOCHUXIANGQIANHE。YUZUOWEICHUIZHIZHENGTI,ZHENGZHONGWAIBILONGQI,NEIBIAO,LIANGCESHAODI,ZUOWEIRUZHANGHENGDENG,DIBUWEIBUGUIZEDEZHANGFANGXING,ZHOUBIANYOU10GEXIAOCHUANKONG,KENENGYUANLAIPEIYOUBAOHUHUOGUDINGDIAOXIANGDEWUJIAN,XIANYIWUCUN。XIANGYUZUOXIANGQIAN,FANGFORENZUOSHANZHONG。XIANGHEZUOWEIBAILVSE,XIANGCHENHENXIEDIAO,SHIYIJIANZHENGUIDEYUDIAOGONGYIPIN。

  QINGYUDIAOZHONGLIXIANG

  各类雕刻

a50期货配资  DIAOKE,ZHIYONGGEZHONGKESUCAILIAO(RUSHIGAO、SHUZHI、ZHANTUDENG)HUOKEDIAO、KEKEDEYINGZHICAILIAO(RUMUCAI、SHITOU、JINSHU、YUKUAI、MANAODENG),CHUANGZAOCHUJUYOUYIDINGKONGJIANDEKESHI、KECHUDEYISHUXINGXIANG,JIEYIFANYINGSHEHUISHENGHUO、BIAODAYISHUJIADESHENMEIGANSHOU、SHENMEIQINGGAN、SHENMEILIXIANGDEYISHU。LISHIYOUJIU、JIYIJINGZHANDEGEZHONGDIAOSUGONGYI,RUYADIAO、YUDIAO、MUDIAO、SHIDIAO、NIDIAO、MIANDIAO、ZHUKE、GUKEDENG,SHIZHONGGUOGONGYIMEISHUZHONGYIXIANGZHENGUIDEYISHUYICHAN。YADIAO、YUDIAODENGGONGYIYOUYUCAILIAOANGGUI,ZUOGONGYOUSHIFENDEJINGXI,SUOYIZHUJIANCONGSHIYONGPINZHUANBIANWEIXINSHANGPIN,YINCIBEIRENMENCHENGWEI“TEZHONGGONGYI”。

  GUANZANGRUSHANGKUIWENYUHUANG、DONGHANSHIXINGHUPOSHI、“FANGNIZANJIANGANWANGSHANTU”YUDIAOCHAPING、QINGFUDIAOMILAYUQIAOGENGDUZHUI、QINGYUANDIAOSHINIUMANAOXIANGLU、QINGTIHONGQUNXIANZHUSHOUPENGHEDENGDENGJIESHIZAOXINGSHANGDUJUJIANGXIN,ZHIZUOSHANGJIJINJINGGONGZHIZUO。

  GUANZANGSHANGKUIWENYUHUANG(TUSANSHI),ERMIANKEKUIWEN,QIXINGHENBO,KEGONGJINGXI,LIANGDUANGEYOUYIKONG。HUANGZUICHUZUOWEIJISIDIANLIZHIYONG,DAOQINHANSHIQIDUOYONGZUOPEISHI。

  SHANGKUIWENYUHUANG

  GUANZANGDONGHANSHIXINGHUPOSHI(TUSANSHIYI),WEISHENKAFEISEZHUANGSHIPIN,CHENGSHIXING。SIZUJUANQUERZUO,YINXIANKEHUACHUSIZHIHEZUI、BIDENGWUGUANDELUNKUO。ZHENGTIDIAOKEJIANLIAN,JINYONGLIAOLIAOSHUDAO,JIUJIANGQIKEHUADESHIFENBIZHEN,SHIRENLINGLVEDAOTAFEISHUOJIANMEIDESHENQU。WOGUOZIGUBUCHANSHI,SHIXINGTUANLIANGHANSHIQICAIZAIWOGUODESHANXI、HENAN、SHANDONG、JIANGSU、SICHUANDENGDILIUXING,BINGGUANGFANYINGYONGYUGEZHONGDIAOSUTICAI。ZHEIYISHIPINDECHUTU,ZAICIYINZHENGLEDANGSHIZHONGYUANWENHUADUIGUIZHOUDEYINGXIANG。

  DONGHANSHIXINGHUPOSHI

  GUANZANGQING“FANGNIZANJIANGANWANGSHANTU”YUDIAOCHAPING(TUSANSHIER),YUWEIQIUKUISE,BEIMIANZONGHUANG,ZHENGTICHENGQIEXING,JIUTIANRANYUANYUYIXINGLVEJIADIAOZHUOERCHENG。PINGMIANDIAOSHANSHUIRENWU,YOUCEZHONGBUHEXIABUTUCHUWEIZHIDIAOKEYOUGUSONG、MAOTING、RENWU、YUCHUAN。ZUOCEZHONGBUDIAOKEYOUSHULIN,PINGXIABUAOXIAQUDIAOYOUFANCHUANERZHI,SHANSHUIJIANGANJINZAIYUCAITIANRANZAOXINGZHONGXIANXIAN。ZUOSHANGJIAOKONGKUANGCHUYINKEKAISHU:“YUTIFANGNIZANJIANGANWANGSHANTUBINGYONGQIYUN:BULIUYANAIKUAICHUQING,LELELANGUANGRUYANMING。XIAOWOCENGTONGGAOSHIXING,GEJIANGYIFUYUANSHANHENG。QIANTANGQINWANGYINGRUXI,BAIFUSUGONGZHISHENGMING。RUOXIANGJINTANLUNQIYUN,SHUTALAOJIWUQIANCHENG。”KUANWEI:“CHENCHENYONGFUJINGSHU。”XIAYOUFANGYIN“CHENZHUAN”。CIPINGLIYONGZHENGKUAITIANRANYUCAIDEZIRANXINGTAILVEJIADIAOZHUO,SUIRANJIAGONGBUDUO,QUENENGJIANGJINJINGJIANGAN、SHUMU、RENWU、FENGFANHEYUANJINGDESHANSHIZHONGDIEWANQUANBIAOXIANCHULAI,BINGYONGSHIJUSHENHUAHUAMIANYIJING,RONGSHIHUAYUYITI,JIANGYUANMOHUAJIANIZAN《JIANGANWANGSHANTU》BIAOXIANDELINLIJINZHI,QUEWEIYIJIANSHANGCHENGYUDIAOZUOPIN,JUYOUHENGAODEYISHUJIAZHI。

a50期货配资  QING“FANGNIZANJIANGANWANGSHANTU”YUDIAOCHAPING

  GUANZANGQINGFUDIAOMILAYUQIAOGENGDUZHUI(TUSANSHISAN),ZHUIZICHENGBIANPINGLUANXING,SHANGWULUANJIAN,YOUERCHUANKONGKEXIDAI。TONGTICHENGHONGHESEBANTOUMINGZHUANG,JUANSI、YUNWENJILIXINI,CHONGMANLAZHIGUANGZE,HANXUGAOYAERJIANJUHUANMIAO。ZUOZHEQIAOMIAOLIYONGMILAYUANLIAO,ZAIBUGUIZEDEPINGMIANSHANG,XUNXINGDIAOZHUOSHANSHUIZHOUCHUANHERENWU。QIZHONGYIMIANDIAOKEYU、QIAO、GENG、DUSIZURENWUCHANGJING,BINGZAIZHONGBUDIAOTUQIDESHANSHISHUMU。XUXURUSHENGDICHUANDACHU“CAIQIAOGUOYEFENGYUFU,LIDIAOLINXITINGDUSHU”DEYIYUN。ZAIZHUIZIDELINGYIMIANZHONGBU,DIAOKEYOUERRENZHAOZHOUBULAODEQINGJING,ZHOUXIADESHUIBODANGYANG,HEANZHOUWEIDESHUMUQINGXIKEJIAN。MILAZHUISHANGGOUTUBAOMAN,FANERBULUAN,SHANSHI、JIANGSHUI、YUZHOU、SHUMUDENGSUIYOUGAODIQIFU,RANWEIZHIJINGYINGDEDANG,YUANJINXUSHI,CENGCIFENMING。SUODIAOLIURENZITAIGEYI,SHENGDONGCHUANSHEN,ZENGTIANLEDIAOKENEIRONGDEFENGFUXINGHEGUSHIXING,JIXINSHANGZHEGENGDUODEWANWEIYULEQU。GURENSHANGGU,YIQINGJIEDIANGUHUAZUOTUAN,DIAOSHIYUMILAZHUISHANG,YUYISHENYUAN,YONGXINSHASHILIANGKU。BIAOXIANLEGURENZHUIQIUNINGJINGXIANSHI,YUNXUDIANYAANYI,ZIDEQILEDEJINGSHENYIJING。CONGYIJINGDAOFENGGEDOUJUYOUQINGDAIWENRENDEQINGQU,SUOYINGZAODETIANYUANMUGEBANDEYIJINGLINGRENSHENWANG。

  QINGFUDIAOMILAYUQIAOGENGDUZHUI

  GUANZANGQINGYUANDIAOSHINIUMANAOXIANGLU(TUSANSHISI),YOUZHENGKUAIMANAOSHIDIAOCHENG,ZHIDIXINIRUZHI,YANSEBAIZHONGSHANQING、LVEDAIZISE,JINGYINGERYAZHI。ZHIKOU,GUFU,SANXIANGZU。YIZUZAIQIAN,LIANGZUZAIHOU,QIHEYUFALI,CHANGYIZHIYUFOJIAOZHONGDESANBAO。MEIZHILUZUYULUSHENDEJIEHEDOUCAIYONGFUDIAODESHOUFAYITICHENGXING。FUBUZUOYOUWEIYUANDIAO、TOUDIAODEPUSHOUXIANHUANER,ZAOXINGDUANZHUANGWENZHONG,DAMOXINIYUANRUN。PINGGAIYULUKOUWEIZIMUKOUTAOHE,GAISHANGDIAOYISHINIU,SHIZISIJIAOZHANLI,JIAOXIALOUKONG,ZUOYAOTOUBAIWEIZHUANG,SHIFENSHENGDONG。XIANGCHUANSHIZIYEJIUSHILONGDEDIWUZISUANNI,XIYANHUO,YOUHAOZUO。FOZUSHIJIAMOUNIYOU“WUWEIDESHIZI”ZHIYU,RENMENBIANSHUNLICHENGZHANGDIJIANGQIANPAICHENGFOZUO,HUOZHEDIAOZAIXIANGLUSHANGSUIZHITUNYANTUWU,YIYUFOZUPUDUZHONGSHENGDEWUSHANGYONGQI。XIANGLUXIASHISANLENGZHUANGHONGMUDIZUO,RUYIXINGSANZUXIANGWAIPIE,PANMIANSHANGYOUSANGEYUANWO,SANXIANGTUILUZUQIANZHIQIZHONG。DIZUOBIANDIAOSHIYOURUYI、LIANBANHELOUKONGHUACAO,DIANYADAFANG,YUXIANGLUHEXIETONGYI。

  QINGYUANDIAOSHINIUMANAOXIANGLU

  GUANZANGQINGTIHONGQUNXIANZHUSHOUPENGHE(TUSANSHIWU),QINGDAIQIANLONGHUANGDIWEIQIMUHOUSHOUCHENSUOTEZHIDELIWU。GAIYUHEWEIZIMUKOUTAOHE,QUANZU,SHENHONGSE,TIBIANYUAN,CHENGSHIERBANLIANHUXING。GAIMIANSHANGFUDIAOQUNXIANZHUSHOUTU。TUZHONGYOUXIANSHANLOUGE,GUSONGMAOSHENG,XISHUICHANCHAN;52GERENWUXINGTAIGEYI,MEIRENSHOUCHIBUTONGDEGONGGUOLIPIN;ZAISHANSHUIJIANYUHE、LU、YU、CHANYOURANZIDE。ZHENGSHANGFANGYOUKAISHUYANGWEN“YUZHISHI”YISHOU:“HEFENGRUNQIMANLIANLONG,CISHOUWUJIANGZHUSHANGGONG”。HEDIYOUYANGWENZHUANSHU“DAQINGQIANLONGNIANZHI”NIANKUAN。ZAIZHUSHOUTUZHIXIAMIAN,HAIYOUDUOCENGDIAOKE,TUWENSIZU:DIAOMANCAOWEN、ERLONGQIANGBAOXIANGYUNWEN、LIANXUHUIWEN、CHIYEWEN。SUOYOUTUWENJINGDIAOXIZHUO。YIFUQIYIMEILIDEJINGGUAN。CIPENGHEHAICAIYONGLEGONGXUFANFUDETONGTAIDIAOQIGONGYI。DIAOQIJIYIMU、TONG、XIDENGCAIZHIZHITAI,RANHOUZAITAISHANGTUQI,YIBANZAI200ZHI400BIAN,BANGANHOUHUITUDIAOKE,DAMO,PAOGUANGERCHENG。CONGCIPENGHEDEZHIZUOSHANGKEYIKANDAODANGSHIDEDIAOKEHEDIAOQIGONGYISHUIPINGYIDADAOLELUHUOCHUNQINGDEJIEDUAN。

  QINGTIHONGQUNXIANZHUSHOUPENGHE

  宣德炉

a50期货配资  YONGTONGLUFENXIANGSHAOTANXISUZAIWOGUOYOUZHEYOUJIUDELISHI,TONGCHANGRENMENWEILELIYIJIANGYIFUXUNXIANG,GENGDUODESHIGUDAIWENRENYASHIXIHUANZAIDUSHU、XIEZIDESHUFANGNEI,FENSHANGYIZHUXIANG,YINGZAO“HONGXIUTIANXIANGYEDUSHU”DEYIJING,HAIYOUDEJIUSHIYONGLAIGONGSISHENLING。MINGDAIXUANDENIANJIANSHITONGXIANGLUZHIZUODEDIANFENGSHIQI,SHICHENG“XUANDELU”ZHUANZHIXUANDESANNIANHUANGGONGSUOZAOXIANGLU,DANGSHISUOZHUDETONGLUSHUFENXIANGGONGSIZHILEI。XUANDELUXUANLIAOKAOJIU,ZUOGONGJINGMEI,KUANSHIGUPODIANYA,DANGSHIJIUSHIFENZHENGUI。JUJIZAI:XUANDELUJINZAIXUANDESANNIANZHUZAOGUO,YIGONG5000ZHI,YIHOUJIUFENGLUBUZHULE。YOUYUXUANDETONGLUMINGGUANTIANXIA,SUOYIHOUSHIDUOYOUFANGZHI,DANDOUNANYIDADAOXUANDELUDEPINZHIYUSHENYUN。

  GUANZANGMINGXUANDEKUANXIANGERTONGLU(TUSANSHILIU),GAILUQITIFENGHOU,ZHIDIJINGCHUN,XINGSHIDUANZHUANGDAFANG。QIBIAOCHENGXIANHE、HUANGSEBANHEN,BUFENYOUHEIRUQI,GUPOBANBOZHONGTOUZHEJINGMEI。QIDIJIZUOMIANSHANG,YOUHONGSEYICENG,SHENCHUJINYUZIJIANG。LUKOUYANKUANPING,LVEWAICHI,BIANGUFU,QUANZU。FUSHANGBUSHIYIDUIXIANGSHOUXINGER,XIANGBIXIACHUIHUIJUANLIANJIEQIBI,XINGCHENGBANHUANXINGER。SUZAOSHENGDONG、JIANJIE,TONGTIGUANGJIE、XINI。DIZUOMIANAO,QIAHAOZHIRULUZU,ZUOZULOUKONGCHENGWUDUORUYICHUIYUN,YIHUANDAIXIANGLIANJIE,GOUCHENGTOUKONGXINGZHUANG。ZUOXINLIUYIYUANKONG,KEKUIJIANLUDIYANGWENZHUANSHU“XUANDE”ERZIKUAN,KEJIANGOUSIZHILINGQIAO。

  MINGXUANDEKUANXIANGERTONGLU

  (作者系贵州省博物馆副研究馆员,本文图片由博物馆提供。)


BENWENGUANJIANCI:

a50期货配资WENZHANGCHUZI:HULIANWANG,WENZHONGNEIRONGHEGUANDIANBUDAIBIAOBENWANGZHANLICHANG,RUYOUQINQUAN,QINGNINGAOZHI,WOMENJIANGJISHICHULI。

 
 
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